Everyone, even young children, should have their eyes examined regularly.
This is particularly important for good eye health as well as overall health.
Regular, comprehensive eye exams can help you protect your sight and make sure that you are seeing your best.
As you age, your risk increases for some eye diseases, such as glaucoma, that have no symptoms.
So it's possible to have this condition and not know it. Major medical advances for age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma,
and cataracts can help people with these conditions maintain their vision.
By having regular eye exams, you can catch any eye problems early on when they are easier to treat.
Depending on your eye health needs, you can see either an optometrist or an ophthalmologist for a comprehensive eye exam.
Ophthalmologists are medical doctors who specialize in eye care. They can provide general vision care, treat eye diseases, and perform eye surgery. Optometrists have had four years of training after college. They provide eye care and treat some but not all eye diseases, but they do not perform eye surgery.
A complete eye exam to protect your eyes may include the following:
- Your personal and family medical history
- Near and far vision tests to see if you have nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism (curvature of the cornea that causes blurred vision), or presbyopia (age-related vision changes)
- Tests to see how well your eyes work together
- Eye pressure and optic nerve tests to determine if you have glaucoma
- External and microscopic examination of your eyes before and after dilation
You may have other tests as needed. For example, if you wear contact lenses, you may need additional procedures.